Regulatory Links


Federal Agencies, Rules, and

Department of Agriculture USFS

Department of Commerce NTIA

Department of Health and Human
Services CDC//NCHS/NHS

Department of the Interior BIA

Department of the Interior BLM

Department of the Interior NPS

Department of the Interior USFWS





Legislative Branch, House of

Legislative Branch, Senate

National Government Associations




Industry Standards


State of Colorado Agencies, Rules,
and Regulations

Public Utility Commission

State Historic Preservation Officer

State and Regional Associations

Colorado Municipal League

Colorado Counties, Inc.

Denver Regional Council of

Major Front Range County Planning
Agencies, and Codes

Adams County

Arapahoe County

Boulder County

Douglas County

El Paso County

Jefferson County

Larimer County

Weld County

Major Front Range Municipalities

Broomfield (City and County)

Denver (City and County)


Department of Agriculture, United States Forest Service (USFS)

Communication Site Special Uses Administration

Department of Commerce,

National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)

Application Process for Telecommunications Projects on Federal
Right of Way

Agency Staff Contacts for Telecom Projects in Federal Right of Way

Broadband USA

Inter-Departmental (Government) Radio Advisory Committee

Department of Health and Human Services

National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health
Interview Statistics

Wireless Substitution Report 2016

National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health
Interview Statistics

Wireless Substitution Report 2012

Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)

Tribal Leaders Contact Information

Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

Communications Site Management Web Page

Department of the Interior, National Park Service (NPS)

List of SHPOs

TPHO Program

Department of the Interior, United States Fish and Wildlife
Service (USFWS)

Communications Tower Site Evaluation Form

Voluntary Guidelines for Communications Tower Design, Siting,

Operation, etc.

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Drones/ Unmanned Aircraft Part 107 Fact Sheet

Summary of Rule 107 for Unmanned Aircraft

Notice Criteria Tool (to determine if a filing is required under
FAA Part 77 Regulations)

The requirements for filing proposed
structures with the Federal Aviation Administration depend on several
factors, including: tower height, proximity to an airport, tower
location, and proposed frequencies. For FAA Part 77 regulations see:
CFR Title 14 Part 77.9. Specifically, you must file with the FAA at
least 45 days prior to construction if:

• The structure will exceed 200ft
above ground level

• The structure will be in proximity
to an airport and exceed the slope ratio

• The structure involves construction
of a traverse-way (i.e. highway, railroad, waterway etc…) and once
adjusted upward with the appropriate vertical distance would exceed a
standard of 77.9(a) or (b)

• The structure will emit
frequencies, and doesn’t meet FAA Co-location Policy

• The proposed structure is in an
instrument landing approach zone and might exceed the criteria in
part 77 Subpart C

• The proposed structure would be in
proximity to a navigation facility and might impact air navigation

• The proposed structure is on an
airport or heliport property

• If filing has been requested by the

Notice of Proposed Construction or Alteration (Form 7460-1 &

Notice of Actual Construction or Alteration (Form 7460-2
Supplemental Notice)

Tower Marking and Lighting Regulations 70/7460 1L Advisory
Circular Marking and Lighting (Revised 01/04/2017)

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Continued Tower Marking and
Lighting Frequency Asked Questions 70/7460 1L Advisory Circular
Marking and Lighting FAQs (01/04/2017)

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

Antenna Height Above Average Terrain Calculator

Antenna Site Registration Home Page

Search for Existing Antenna Structures


Environmental Compliance

National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) Fact Sheet

Historic Preservation Section 106 Process

Section 106 Review Process Fees-

First Amendment to Nationwide Programmatic Agreement for the
Collocation of

Wireless Antennas

Nationwide Programmatic Agreement for the Collocation of Wireless

Advisory Council for Historic Preservation-

National Broadband Map

National Broadband Plan, 2015 (Pole Attachment)

Pole Attachment Rules, 2012 Section 224,

Pole Attachment Rules, 2007

Tower and Antenna Siting

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Flood Map Service Center

Elevation Certificates

Elevation Certificate Fact Sheet

Elevation Certificate Form


Communications Act of 1934, as amended

Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012

Telecommunications Act of 1996

Legislative Branch, House of Representatives

US House or Representatives Energy & Commerce Committee

US House or Representatives Energy & Commerce Committee

Communications and Technology Subcommittee

Legislative Branch, Senate

US Senate Committee on Science, Commerce, and Transportation

US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, Innovation and the

FCC Oversight Hearing, March 1, 2017


National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissions (NARUC)

(NARUC) Subcommittee on Telecommunications

National Association of Tribal Preservation Historic Officer’s

National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officer’s


American Land Title Association (ALTA) & National Society of
Professional Surveyors (NSPS)

Minimum Standard Detail Requirements for ALTA/NSPS Surveys

Minimum Standard Detail Requirements for ALTA NSPS Land Title
Surveys (02-23-16)


Department of Public Safety

Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Department of Regulatory Agencies (DORA)

Broadband Fund

Department of Regulatory Agencies (DORA), Public Utility
Commission (PUC)

PUC on Telecommunications

Department of Transportation

Highway Access Permits

Right of Way Manual

Utilities and Special Use Permits

Legislative Branch, General Assembly

Legislator Locator


SHPO, Section 106 Compliance


Colorado Counties, Inc.

Colorado Municipal League on Telecommunications

Denver Regional Council of Governments


Adams County

Development Services

Development Standards and Regulations

Arapahoe County

Public Works and Development

Land Development Code

Boulder County

Planning Division

Land Use Code

Douglas County

Community Development


El Paso County

Planning and Community Development

Land Development Code

Jefferson County

Planning and Zoning Division

Land Development Regulation

Zoning Resolution

Larimer County

Community Development

Land Use Code

Weld County

Planning and Zoning

Zoning Ordinance

City and County of Broomfield

Community Development

Planning Department

Zoning Code

City and County of Denver

Code of Ordinances

Development Services

Planning Review Lead times, 1 st Quarter 2017

Telecommunications Zoning Guide

Zoning Code

The following are COWA recommendations intended to apply to local government regulation impacting deployment of wireless networks. These principals represent ideals which the Association seeks to achieve during discussions with jurisdictions.

For more info click to expand a section:

Regulations should encourage deployment of wireless infrastructure by all wireless carriers utilizing any wireless technology.
Consumers and businesses increasingly rely on wireless networks and the services and devices the network facilitates. Wireless networks are increasingly displacing other communication technologies. Wireless networks serve a vital role in social and economic welfare, and public safety such as E911. Regulations should encourage and promote network deployment to achieve network coverage and capacity objectives.
Promote a level playing field among all communication technologies through technologically and competitively neutral regulations.
Wireless network site selection is a highly technical and complex evaluation and decision-making process. The process requires application of field study and computerized modeling techniques incorporating proprietary network data and customer traffic demands. The evaluation cannot be accurately duplicated by 3rd party “experts”. Site selection and development incurs a substantial initial investment and substantial ongoing operations expense. Thus, “second guessing” carrier site selection or review of carrier site selection by “experts” which lack necessary tools and data is inappropriate and should be avoided.
Colorado Revised Statutes 38-5.5-101 et seq. grant right of access by telecommunications providers to occupy and utilize the public rights-of-way. Access must be provided on a competitively neutral basis without disadvantage, or create unreasonable requirements for entry. The amount of fees is limited and may not exceed costs directly incurred by jurisdictions.
Local jurisdictions have authority to apply zoning within the public rights-of-way but rarely do so. Alternatively, local jurisdictions typically have displaced zoning regulation of the public rights-of-way with separate rights-of way regulations, standards and specifications. Wireless carriers advocate the uniform application of right-of-way regulations as applied to all regulated users. Application of zoning regulations uniquely to wireless facilities when applied in the public right-of-way is unacceptable. Such inconsistency does not conform to the uniformity requirements of zoning law, and is likely inconsistent with the intent of C.R.S. 38-5.5-101 et seq.
Due to zoning regulations, early wireless network deployment encouraged coverage in commercial and industrial zones, and highway corridors. Residential coverage has suffered. Regulations should enable widespread deployment of wireless facilities sufficient to deliver high quality coverage and with abundant capacity to all residential areas. In recognition of the unique design sensitivity of facilities serving residential areas, specific strategies should be deployed by jurisdictions to accommodate and promote deployment. Strategies can include use of the public rights-of-way; local government and special district facilities and grounds; school districts and churches; and a right to attach to residential structures applying suitable residential design elements.

COWA acknowledges that the primary public concern of wireless facility placement is visual impact. Accordingly, COWA concurs with local government regulations intended to mitigate adverse visual impacts provided such measures are consistent with the following:

a. Visual impact mitigation techniques are appropriate to the neighborhood composition or zoning classification.

b. Visual impact mitigation requirements are intended to reduce the size of facilities or reduce visibility by shielding facilities by appropriate screening.

c. COWA seeks to avoid design regulations intended to disguise wireless facilities only by posing as design forms that do not look like wireless facilities, and specifically, design forms that increase visual impact.

The primary purpose of wireless regulation is to mitigate visual impact. As single purpose regulation, complex and lengthy processes are unnecessary. COWA urges simple, straightforward wireless regulations and process commensurate with this objective.
COWA advocates regulations that enable flexibility for deployments in proximity by multiple carriers to best mitigate visual impacts. This may include encouraging colocations on existing sites, other structures, or designs through streamlined procedures.
In order to mitigate visual impacts, COWA advocates placement of freestanding wireless facilities upon parcels away from view. This objective is usually best achieved by avoiding siting and setback requirements for wireless infrastructure far from property lines and should be no more stringent than for other similar structures.
The potential for structural failure of wireless facilities is not greater than other manmade structures, and typically involve geotechnical analysis, engineered foundations and engineered structures. Setback fall zones should be no more stringent than for other similar structures.
In addition to jurisdiction permits, wireless carriers typically must negotiate property rights to utilize private property. Regulations should provide sufficient flexibility reflecting carrier ability to acquire property rights.
Wireless facilities have parallels to the design and placement of many forms of development. COWA advocates uniformity and consistency with existing regulations applicable to similar structures and land uses, and resists restrictive regulations that are unique to wireless facilities. Jurisdiction review processes applicable to wireless facilities should fall within existing, standardized zoning procedures. Examples of unacceptable procedures include: any review process based on “hardship” such as a variance; and conditional or regulatory limits on the length of approvals which lapse and require renewal.